Introducing Greek Philosophy by Rosemary Wright

By Rosemary Wright

geared toward scholars of classics and of philosophy who would prefer a style of the topic prior to being dedicated to a whole path and at those that have already began and want to discover their bearings in what could appear at the start a posh maze of names and faculties, "Introducing Greek Philosophy" is a concise, energetic, philosophically conscious creation to historical Greek philosophy. The booklet starts off with the Milesians in Asia Minor sooner than relocating over to the advancements within the western Greek international, then targeting Socrates, Plato and Aristotle in Athens, completing with the Hellenistic colleges and their arrival in Rome, the place the most rules are set out within the Latin poetry of Lucretius and the prose of Cicero.The ebook eschews the strategy of such a lot histories of historic philosophy of addressing one philosopher after one other in the course of the centuries. as an alternative, after a easy mapping of the territory, it takes the good subject matters that the Greeks have been engaged in from the earliest occasions, and appears at them separately, their improvement in argument and counter-argument, from the beginnings of recorded Greek heritage, during the numerous upheavals of tyrannies, democracies, oligarchies and kingships, to their advent into Rome within the first century BC.

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Spectacles of Truth in Classical Greek Philosophy: Theoria by Andrea Wilson Nightingale

By Andrea Wilson Nightingale

In fourth-century Greece (BCE), the talk over the character of philosophy generated a singular declare: that the top type of knowledge is theoria, the rational 'vision' of metaphysical truths (the 'spectator concept of knowledge'). This 2004 publication deals an unique research of the development of 'theoretical' philosophy in fourth-century Greece. within the attempt to conceptualise and legitimise theoretical philosophy, the philosophers became to a venerable cultural perform: theoria (state pilgrimage). during this perform, someone journeyed in another country as an professional witness of sacralized spectacles. This publication examines the philosophic appropriation and transformation of theoria, and analyses the competing conceptions of theoretical knowledge in fourth-century philosophy. via tracing the hyperlink among conventional and philosophic theoria, this booklet locates the construction of theoretical philosophy in its historic context, analysing theoria as a cultural and an highbrow perform. It develops a brand new, interdisciplinary procedure, drawing on philosophy, historical past and literary studies.

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The Poetics of Eros in Ancient Greece by Claude Calame,Janet Lloyd

By Claude Calame,Janet Lloyd

The Poetics of Eros in historical Greece deals the 1st finished inquiry into the deity of sexual love, an influence that permeated day-by-day Greek lifestyles. fending off Foucault's philosophical paradigm of dominance/submission, Claude Calame makes use of an anthropological and linguistic method of re-create indigenous different types of erotic love. He keeps that Eros, the cheerful better half of Aphrodite, used to be a divine determine round which poets built a body structure of hope that functioned in particular methods inside a community of social relatives. Calame starts by way of exhibiting how poetry and iconography gave a wealthy number of expression to the concept that of Eros, then promises a background of the deity's roles inside social and political associations, and concludes with a dialogue of an Eros-centered metaphysics.

Calame's remedy of archaic and classical Greek associations unearths Eros at paintings in initiation rites and celebrations, academic practices, the Dionysiac theater of tragedy and comedy, and in genuine and imagined spatial settings. For males, Eros functioned quite within the symposium and the gym, locations the place males and boys interacted and the place destiny electorate have been expert. The family was once the environment the place ladies, brides, and grownup better halves realized their erotic roles--as such it offers the context for figuring out lady rites of passage and the problematics of sexuality in conjugal family. via analyses of either Greek language and practices, Calame bargains a clean, sophisticated analyzing of family among members in addition to a quick-paced and engaging evaluate of Eros in Greek society at large.

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Plato on the Value of Philosophy: The Art of Argument in the by Tushar Irani

By Tushar Irani

Plato used to be the 1st thinker within the western culture to mirror systematically (and frequently significantly) on rhetoric. during this booklet, Tushar Irani offers a accomplished and leading edge examining of the Gorgias and the Phaedrus, the one Platonic dialogues to target what an 'art of argument' may still appear like, treating all the texts separately, but eventually demonstrating how every one can top be understood in mild of the opposite. For Plato, the best way we process argument ordinarily unearths anything approximately our deeper wishes and motivations, rather with appreciate to folks, and so the foremost to figuring out his perspectives at the right perform of argument lies in his knowing of human psychology. in accordance with this analyzing, rhetoric performed good is just the perform of philosophy, the pursuit of which has far-reaching implications for a way we must always relate to others and the way we should live.

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Ancient Mediterranean Philosophy: An Introduction by Stephen Clark

By Stephen Clark

even if the Greeks have been answerable for the 1st systematic philosophy of which now we have any list, they weren't by myself within the Mediterranean global and have been satisfied to attract thought from different traditions; traditions which are now principally missed through philosophers and students. This booklet tells the tale of 'Greek Philosophy', paying due cognizance to its old context and the contributions made by way of Egyptians, Hebrews, Persians or even barbarians from northern Europe. Stephen Clark offers a story background of the philosophical traditions that took form over numerous centuries within the Mediterranean international and gives a finished survey of this significant interval within the heritage of philosophy.

The booklet features a thorough historic and philosophical assessment of the entire key thinkers, occasions and ideas that characterised the interval and explores intimately important topics reminiscent of the competition of gods and giants, the distinction among the truth and visual appeal, and the assumption of the thinker. excellent for undergraduate scholars, this concise and available ebook offers a entire advisor to a desirable interval within the heritage of philosophy.

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The Art of Living: Socratic Reflections from Plato to by Alexander Nehamas

By Alexander Nehamas

for a lot of its historical past, philosophy was once no longer simply a theoretical self-discipline yet a life-style, an "art of living." This functional element of philosophy has been less dominant in modernity than it used to be in historical Greece and Rome, while philosophers of all stripes saved returning to Socrates as a version for dwelling. the assumption of philosophy as an paintings of dwelling has survived within the works of such significant sleek authors as Montaigne, Nietzsche, and Foucault. each one of those writers has used philosophical dialogue as a way of building what somebody is and the way a helpful existence is to be lived. during this wide-ranging, brilliantly written account, Alexander Nehamas presents an incisive reevaluation of Socrates' position within the Western philosophical culture and exhibits the significance of Socrates for Montaigne, Nietzsche, and Foucault.

Why does each one of those philosophers—each essentially concerned about his personal originality—return to Socrates as a version? the reply lies within the irony that characterizes the Socrates we all know from the Platonic dialogues. Socratic irony creates a masks that stops a view of what lies at the back of. How Socrates led the lifestyles he did, what enabled or encouraged him, is rarely made obvious. No tenets are proposed. Socrates continues to be a silent and ambiguous personality, forcing readers to come back to their very own conclusions concerning the artwork of existence. This, Nehamas exhibits, is what allowed Montaigne, Nietzsche, and Foucault to come back to Socrates as a version with no thereby compelling them to mimic him.

This hugely readable, erudite research argues for the significance of the culture inside Western philosophy that's top defined as "the artwork of dwelling" and casts Montaigne, Nietzsche, and Foucault because the 3 significant smooth representatives of this practice. filled with unique principles and demanding institutions, this paintings will supply new methods of wondering the philosophers Nehamas discusses and in regards to the self-discipline of philosophy itself.

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Phänomenologie als Platonismus: Zu den Platonischen by Thomas Arnold

By Thomas Arnold

Husserl beruft sich immer wieder programmatisch auf Platon als den Gründervater der europäischen Philosophie, arbeitet jedoch die Bezüge der Phänomenologie zum Platonismus nie auf – obwohl er die „historische Rückbesinnung“ auf die Urstiftung seines Denkens als wesentlichen Bestandteil der „Selbstbesinnung auf ein Selbstverständnis dessen hin, worauf guy eigentlich hinaus will, als der guy ist, als historisches Wesen“ (Hua VI, S. seventy three) charakterisiert. Die vorliegende Arbeit will diese Reflexion leisten.

Ihr Gegenstand ist mithin die Transformation Platonischer Gedanken in Husserls Phänomenologie. Dabei werden sechs Problemgebiete thematisiert: A) Philosophie als Wissenschaft, B) Philosophie als Ethik, C) Philosophie als Polemik, D) Philosophie und das Ende der Lebenswelt, E) Philosophie und das Eigenrecht des Eidetischen, F) Philosophie und das Absolute. Den Abschnitten folgen jeweils kritische Erwägungen zu den Spannungen, die vor dem Platonischen Hintergrund innerhalb der Phänomenologie sichtbar werden.

Die Arbeit zeigt, dass die Phänomenologie tatsächlich als eine eigenwillige Endstiftung des Platonismus betrachtet werden kann, wodurch sich eine neue Perspektive auf ihre programmatische und systematische Grundkonfiguration ergibt.

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Der Begriff der Klugheit bei Aristoteles (Blaue Reihe) by Pierre Aubenque,Nicolai Sinai,Ulrich J Schneider

By Pierre Aubenque,Nicolai Sinai,Ulrich J Schneider

Pierre Aubenque, der Nestor der Aristotelesforschung in Frankreich und Europa, verbindet wie kein zweiter das Interesse an der richtigen Nachzeichnung des Denkens der griechischen Philosophie der Antike mit dem intellektuellen Projekt der philosophischen Aufhellung und Beantwortung der Frage nach der Funktion und Bedeutung der von den Griechen begründeten Ethik in unserer Zeit. Seine große Leistung besteht darin, präzise herausgearbeitet und gezeigt zu haben, daß die hohe Bewertung der Klugheit, die Aristoteles in seinen Schriften zur Ethik zum Ausdruck gebracht hat, keineswegs einer pragmatisch verkürzten Auffassung von der Tugendlehre das Wort reden will, die uns freistellt, aus willkürlichen Erwägungen der Nützlichkeit beliebig und nach Gusto zu handeln. Klugheit ist keine billige Tugend, sondern Ausweis unserer Urteilskraft und unserer Fähigkeit, unter je gegebenen Umständen aus erwogenen Gründen verantwortlich zu handeln: "Auf halbem Wege zwischen einem absoluten Wissen, welches die Handlung nutzlos machen würde, und einer chaotischen Wahrnehmung, welche die Handlung unmöglich machen würde, repräsentiert die aristotelische Klugheit die likelihood und das Risiko menschlichen Handelns".

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Pharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient by Michael A. Rinella

By Michael A. Rinella

Pharmakon: Plato, Drug tradition, and id in historical Athens examines the rising difficulty for controlling states of mental ecstasy within the heritage of western notion, concentrating on old Greece (c. 750-146 BCE), relatively the Classical interval (c. 500-336 BCE) and particularly the dialogues of the Athenian thinker Plato (427-347 BCE). utilizing a various array of fabrics starting from literature, philosophy, drugs, botany, pharmacology, faith, magic, and legislation, Pharmakon essentially reframes the conceptual context of ways we learn and interpret Plato's dialogues. Michael A. Rinella demonstrates how the facility and fact claims of philosophy, time and again likened to a pharmakon, opposes itself to the cultural authority of a bunch of alternative occupations in historical Greek society who derived their powers from, or likened their authority to, a few pharmakon. those integrated Dionysian and Eleusinian faith, physicians and different healers, magicians and different magic staff, poets, sophists, rhetoricians, in addition to others. available to the final reader, but difficult to the professional, Pharmakon is a finished exam of where of gear in old concept that may compel the reader to appreciate Plato in a brand new way.

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